Glaucoma – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment – Explained by Best Glaucoma Specialist in Ahmedabad

Glaucoma - Symptoms, Causes and Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye condition in which the pressure inside the eyes either becomes irregular or increases. Due to this increased pressure rise of the fluid inside the eyes, the optic nerve compresses and is damaged. This causes the start of vision loss and slowly can cause complete vision loss.

Glaucoma is a very common form of eye disease that causes irreversible vision loss. At Netralaya, the best eye hospital for glaucoma in Ahmedabad, we have the latest technological machines (Perimetry machine) to detect the glaucoma symptoms at an early stage. Visit the best glaucoma hospital clinic in Ahmedabad.

Why is Glaucoma called “Silent Thief of Sight?

Glaucoma develops very silently and gradually, sometimes symptoms are seen. 90% of the cases do not show any symptoms until 70% to 80% of the vision is lost. Only 10% of cases show minor symptoms. In many cases, it is too late. That is why it is called the silent thief of sight.

How does Glaucoma Develop?

Normally there is a fluid flowing in and out of our eyes constantly. If this fluid flow is obstructed, then the pressure develops inside the eyes. This condition damages the optic nerve and causes vision loss. Also, if anyone has a family history of glaucoma, then there are more chances of that person developing glaucoma.

Glaucoma Symptoms

-Pain the eyes.

-Pressure felt in the eyes.

-Constant headaches.

-Blurry or hazy vision.

-Red eyes, etc. 

-Side vision loss

-Constant headache on one side.

Tests for Glaucoma Diagnosis

There are multiple tests run to check the stage of glaucoma.

-Mainly eyeball pressure is checked.

-Visual field (peripheral vision) is checked. This test is called perimetry test.

-OCT scan is done, This is a test for retinal nerve examination. 

-Gonioscopy test is done to check if the path of the fluid flow to move in and out of the eyes is obstructed.

Main Types of Glaucoma:

Open-angle glaucoma

This is the most common form of glaucoma. In this open angle glaucoma, fluid drainage is blocked from the outside. This causes the pressure to build up inside your eye. This glaucoma is found in around 80% of the people.

Closed-angle glaucoma:

In this glaucoma condition, uveoscleral drain and the trabecular meshwork gets blocked. People can have pain in the eye due to the increased pressure.

Secondary Glaucoma:

This happens in about 10 to 20% of the people due to other diseases or conditions. Diabetic people have a greater chance of having glaucoma, Family history with glaucoma, Advanced stage cataract, High blood pressure, Farsightedness / Nearsightedness, Eye injury, etc.

Glaucoma treatment:

Damage caused due to glaucoma cannot be reversed but if the glaucoma is effectively managed, then further damage can be stopped and vision can be saved. In glaucoma treatment, the pressure called the intraocular pressure inside the eyes is reduced. This can be done with the help of eye drops, oral medications, laser treatment, 3D glaucoma surgery, 3D glaucoma valve surgery or a combination of any or all of these treatments. The treatment to be given depends on the current eye condition of the patient.

Best Glaucoma Hospital Clinic in Ahmedabad

At Netralaya eye hospital, the team of glaucoma specialists, eye surgeons, ophthalmic experts, and eye doctors prude the best eye treatment in Ahmedabad. We provide comprehensive eye disease treatment. Visit us at

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