Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

What is Glaucoma?

The term “glaucoma” refers to a set of conditions that cause progressive or irreversible damage to the eye’s optic nerve and, if left untreated, could result in blindness. It is brought on by an increase in intraocular pressure, which often results from the accumulation of aqueous humour fluid in the eye. The increased intraocular pressure that results from this fluid being obstructive or clogged can harm the optic nerve, which over time can decrease vision and ultimately cause total blindness.

Visit the best Glaucoma hospital clinic in Ahmedabad – Netralaya Eye Hospital, Ahmedabad. Here, you will be assisted with the best glaucoma specialists in Ahmedabad.

What is Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma?

Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is defined specifically as a chronic, progressive, and irreversible multifactorial optic neuropathy with a distinctive acquired loss of optic nerve fibres. Open anterior chamber angles, distinctive vision field anomalies, and intraocular pressure that is too high for the eye’s continuing health all contribute to the development of this loss. In the absence of other known causes of the condition, it presents as cupping of the optic disc.

Symptoms and Signs of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma?

It is rare to get early primary open-angle glaucoma symptoms. The patient often isn’t aware of vision field loss until there is noticeable optic nerve atrophy; this is partly due to the losses being frequently asymmetric. Some patients do, however, experience problems, such as failing to see steps if their inferior visual field has been destroyed, recognising missing words when reading, or having trouble driving earlier in the course of the disease.

An unobstructed open angle on gonioscopy, a distinctive optic nerve appearance, and visual field abnormalities are all observed throughout the examination. IOP may be high or normal, although it almost always tends to be higher in the eye with more optic nerve injury.

Optic nerve appearance:

The head of the optic nerve, or disc, is often a somewhat vertically extended circle with a cup-shaped depression in the middle. The tissue between the border of the disc and the cup’s margin is known as the neurosensory rim, and it is made up of ganglion cell axons from the retina.

Typical alterations to the optic nerve include:

  • – A higher cup to disc ratio (particularly an increasing ratio over time).
  • – The neurosensory rim becomes thinner.
  • – The rim being notched or pitted.
  • – Hemorrhage that breaches the disc edge in the nerve fibre layer (ie, Drance haemorrhage or splinter hemorrhages).
  • – The cup’s vertical elongation.
  • -Short angulations while the blood vessels are leaving the body.

In 40 to 60% of instances, the first evidence of damage is a progressive thinned neurosensory rim (optic nerve or retinal nerve fibre layer), which can be used to diagnose glaucoma regardless of IOP or visual field. Other times, a shift in the visual field is the first indication of harm.

It is possible for wedge-shaped dark patches to form, which would indicate retinal nerve fibre layer injury.

Diagnosis of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma?

  • -Field testing visually.
  • -OphthalmoscopyMeasurement of intraocular pressure and central corneal thickness (IOP).
  • -Excluding other forms of optic neuropathy.

Glaucoma Management:

Regular glaucoma monitoring and management are essential. Come to Netralaya if you wish to effectively manage your glaucoma. We have a team of highly qualified glaucoma specialists. The most effective glaucoma management methods are part of the comprehensive treatment plans we offer patients at our glaucoma care facility. Modern 3D glaucoma surgery allows us to give our patients the best glaucoma care imaginable. We have the best glaucoma care centre in Ahmedabad.

Never disregard any of the warning symptoms listed above, and if you experience any of them, get an eye exam straight once. Netralaya Eye Hospital is the best glaucoma hospital in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. You may find the best glaucoma consultation for effective management at

Glaucoma treatment:

Glaucoma treatment includes reducing intraocular pressure in the eyes. As part of this treatment, eye drops, oral medications, laser therapy, 3D glaucoma surgery, 3D glaucoma valve surgery, or a combination of any or all of these may be used. Glaucoma patients get a range of therapies, depending on the condition of their eyes. The best glaucoma hospital in India is located in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Dr. Parth Rana and his team of glaucoma specialists, eye surgeons, ophthalmic specialists, and eye doctors have been offering the best and most thorough care for patients with eye illnesses for many years. Visit to locate us.

Best Glaucoma Hospital Clinic in Ahmedabad

Therefore, if you are looking for the best Glaucoma hospital clinic in Ahmedabad, you are at the right place.

Book your appointment today. Visit us.