This condition affects the macula which is a part of the retina that is responsible for central vision (direct line of sight). This disease can affect both eyes at different rates leading to visual impairment. However, this disease does not cause total vision loss or peripheral vision loss.
Types of macular degeneration:
There are two type of macular degeneration:
This is the most common type of macular degeneration and can first develop in one or both the eyes. This disease is caused by ageing and by thinning of the tissues of the macula. This condition develops slowly and causes mild vision loss. Most people find out about this condition when their vision diminishes while reading. Overtime, a person can find difficulty in doing things such as driving, recognizing faces, reading etc. Early and timely detection of dry macular degeneration can delay vision loss.
This condition is very rare and is very severe. In this condition, new blood vessels grow under the retina through which blood and fluid gets leaked. This creates a big blind spot in the center of the visual field. This disease may develop fast and can cause significant vision loss.
Causes of macular degeneration:
There are no certain causes for this eye condition. But research studies have indicated that this condition may develop by a combination of heredity and environmental factors, including smoking, obesity and diet.
Symptoms of macular degeneration:
-A dark area or a white out develops on the center of the vision.
-Blurred or hazy vision.
-Colour perception changes.
-Text appears wavy while reading.
-The need for brighter light.
If you notice changes in your central vision or your ability to see fine details reduces, do not delay and immediately consult an expert retina specialist.
For dry form, there is no proven effective treatment.
Low vision rehabilitation can help those who have developed significant vision loss.
High doses of antioxidant or vitamin therapy can help patients with dry macular degeneration from developing the wet form of macular degeneration.
For wet form, there are many therapies available like anti-angiogenic drugs, intravitreal injection, photodynamic therapy and laser photocoagulation.
-It is very important to have regular eye check ups to identify early signs of macular degeneration. The following actions may help reduce your risk of developing dry macular degeneration:
-Be careful of your existing medical conditions.
-Maintain a healthy weight and exercise regularly.
-Choose a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
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Netralaya retinal eye care includes diabetic macular degeneration treatment, eye care, flashes and floaters, pan retinal photocoagulation, retinal detachment and retinal vein occlusion. With Netralaya eye care retina services it is possible to save vision and restore eyesight.
The specialist team of eye doctors at Netralaya eye hospital backed with specialized equipment like 360° retinal photo, laser angiography and 3D eye surgery make sure to deliver the best retina treatment.
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