Retinitis Pigmentosa – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Retinitis Pigmentosa - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

What is Retinitis pigmentosa?

Retinitis pigmentosa is a group of eye problems that impact the retina. This condition disturbs the basic functioning of the retina of it’s response to the light. People with Retinitis pigmentosa lose their vision slowly with time. It causes night blindness and loss of peripheral vision.

Causes of Retinitis pigmentosa:

This eye disease is a genetic condition that can be passed down from the parent to the child. The speed with which people lose their vision depends on the person’s individual eye condition and it can vary from person to person.

Symptoms of retinitis pigmentosa:

Loss of night vision:

This is also known as night blindness. In this condition, a person cannot see in the dark though they might have normal vision during the daytime. A person has to put in a lot of effort adjusting to the darkness. Initially he/she can start stumbling over objects or can have trouble driving in the evening and night time.

Gradual loss of peripheral vision (side vision):

This condition is also known as tunnel vision. People cannot see the objects below and around them which leads them to stumble upon them.

Gradual loss of central vision:

In this condition, a person can have problems in doing things which need more focus like putting a thread into the needle or reading, etc.

Colour vision problems:

In this condition, a person has problems seeing different colors.

Diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa:

Genetic testing:

In this test, diagnosis of the blood sample or other tissues is done to find out if a person has certain genes that are associated with this disease. It can also find out the severity of the disease basis on which the gene therapy could be suggested.

Electroretinography:

In this test, the electrical activity in the retina is measured and also how the retina is responding to light.

Visual field testing:

Retinitis pigmentosa can affect your peripheral (side) vision. The visual field testing is done to find out the loss in the side vision if there is any.

Optical coherence tomography:

This is a non-invasive imaging test where light waves are used to take cross-section pictures of the retina layers. This helps in the diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa and it’s effect on the retina.

Treatment of Retinitis pigmentosa:

  • Micro pulse neuromodulation therapy.
  • Vision therapy.
  • Stem cell therapy.

Available only in Netralaya Super Speciality Eye Care Hospital in Gujarat.

Preventive measures:

If you face similar kinds of symptoms, do not wait and visit the eye doctor immediately. Retinitis pigmentosa management is very important with regular follows ups with your doctor. Your eyes need the best treatment for retinitis pigmentosa.Netralaya Super Speciality Eye Care Hospital is specialized in retina treatment and diseases affecting the retina. With Netralaya eye care retina services it is possible to save vision and restore eyesight.